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Understanding your CBD Label

Understanding your CBD Label

If you are reading this post, it is likely you have been considering taking CBD, maybe to see if it eases any symptoms of anxiety, chronic pain, insomnia or any other condition. At the Yard, we appreciate that for someone who is new or not very familiar with CBD products, reading and understanding CBD product labels can be quite overwhelming.

In this week’s edition of The Yard blog posts, we will be breaking down some of the key terms you will find on the product labels, as well as some indicators we think you should look out for when buying your CBD products, and hopefully provide you with an easier understanding so you know exactly what you are buying!

Labelling accuracy
Labelling inaccuracies are actually quite a common issue with CBD products. A study by Bonn-Miller et al (2017) found that, out of the 84 CBD products that were examined online, about 43% had a higher concentration of CBD than stated, while 26% had less than it claimed on the label. We suggest that you always double-check that the CBD and THC concentrations on the certificate of analysis match what is stated o the product label.  

Milligrams (mg)
CBD dosage is the most important thing a label can tell you, including the total milligrams (mg) of CBD in the entire package, plus serving size, mgs per serving, and number of servings. A milligram is one-thousandth of a gram.

Nearly as important as total CBD is the serving size, amount of CBD per serving, and the number of servings in a package. The serving size indicates what one serving is (for example, one gummy bear or a drop of CBD oil are common serving sizes).

State-licensed and medical cannabis systems generally set one dose of CBD at 10 mg. However, there is no standard dose of CBD. Your desired dose will vary by condition, weight, route of administration, and other factors.

Manufacturing date
Like most products you will buy on the market, CBD tends to degrade over time. The manufacturing date is a great way to know how old a product is. When it comes to CBD flowers, the fresher, the better. CBD tinctures and edibles should be consumed within months, not years.

Lab Charts
Heavy-metal and pesticide analyses are important, it can help you determine if a certain contaminate is detected at all, and, if so, if it’s within a safe limit for ingestion. Check the status column of these charts and make sure it says “pass.”

Hemp vs Marijuana: What is the difference?  
The term “hemp Is used to refer to cannabis plants that contain 0.3% or less of THC content by dry weight.

How did they come up with the 0.3%? Back in 1979, a book on the science and semantics of Cannabis called “The Species Problem in Cannabis: Science & Semantics.” The author, Ernest Small, addresses the fact that it’s incredibly complicated and difficult to distinguish hemp and cannabis, as there is no actual systematic difference between the two, so the author proposed the 0.3% rule as a potential solution, even though he acknowledged that is a random number.  Since then, the Agricultural Act of 2018 in the United States used the 0.3% in the legal definition of hemp, making it widely used around the world.

Full spectrum, Broad-spectrum and CBD isolate
When CBD products are labelled as full spectrum, this implies that the product contains multiple cannabis plant extracts, including terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids, such as cannabinol. These products contain all the natural chemicals found in the whole plant, including a low percentage of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (usually less than 0.3%). Research points to the existence of the “entourage effect,” which posits that when multiple cannabis plant compounds are present along with CBD extract, this increases the health benefits of the CBD.

On the other hand, broad-spectrum CBD products contain a range of naturally occurring compounds from the cannabis plant. Like full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD products may also have some additional health benefits due to the resulting “entourage effect.” Broad-spectrum CBD may be more suitable for people who wish to avoid THC, as even the low amounts in full spectrum CBD could show up on a drug test.

CBD isolate products only contain CBD and do not have any additional compounds from the cannabis plant. The THC is completely extracted. By using CBD isolate products, a person can determine whether or not CBD alone effectively eases their ailments, as there are no other active compounds present that may interfere or interact with its effect.

As mentioned above, research suggests that the use of CBD products containing multiple cannabis plant compounds may produce more prominent effects.

Third Party Lab Testing/ Third Party certifications
Although not required, if a CBD company is willing to invest in third-party lab testing and be transparent about their products and their contents, it can be reassuring when making a purchase.






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